Courses

Anthropology

ANT 101 Introduction to Anthropology
This course serves as a general introduction to anthropology and its four subfields: archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistics, and physical anthropology. It covers the integration of subfields in approaches to the definition of humanity and the meaning of being human. The nature of the anthropological approach is provided. Gen. Ed.: Social and Cultural Analysis. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

ANT 237 Ethnicity and Culture Conflict
This course is a study of ethnicity in historical and contemporary perspective examining factors involved in intergroup relationships, with emphasis on majority and minority groups. The focus on the dynamics of ethnicity stresses those social processes that surround it. It covers an analysis of efforts by political, social, racial, and ethnic movements and organizations to change the stratification system to improve their social conditions. Stress is placed upon the substantive study of ethnicity in a variety of specific enclaves. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

ANT 304 Political Anthropology
This course covers political and legal institutions from a cross-cultural perspective and covers problems of political boundaries, allocation of authority, and resolution of conflict. The impact of modern nation-states on other societies is also explored. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

ANT 350 Comparative Mythology
This course investigates analogies and parallels in the legends of Greek, Roman, and Thracian societies. It will discuss how far the myths of the preliterate societies reflect the complexities of social family structures and explains different approaches to understanding myth (e.g., Freud, Jung, Levi-Strauss, Propp, and Burket). Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

History and Civilizations

HTY 101 Global History to 1500
This course provides an introduction to the history of the world, with emphasis on such broad aspects of the subject as major civilizations, development of religions, cultural diversity, and global convergence up to the beginning of the sixteenth century. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 102 Global History since 1500
This course introduces students to the history of the world, beginning with the establishment of global exchange between Europe, Africa, and Asia. This course emphasizes transcultural ties, especially in politics, economics, and religion. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 201 Mythmaking in History
This course is designed to give basic knowledge about the major types of myths developed and proliferated in history from antiquity to the present and to help students to understand the abiding power of myths in both historiography and politics. This course explores the goals and the techniques of creating historical myths in religion, nationalism, racism, and totalitarianism. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 208 Greece, Thrace, the Black Sea, and the Ancient World
This course traces the history of Ancient Greece, Thrace, and the Black Sea from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great. This course covers the major social, economic, political, intellectual, and cultural developments. It also specifically discusses Homer, Greek identity and the rise of the city-state, the Peloponnesian War, and Macedonia. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

HTY 212 Early Modern Europe
This course is an intensive survey of the political, social, and intellectual development of Europe from the Reformation to the Congress of Vienna. Particular emphasis is laid on the rise of the European state system. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 213 Modern Europe
This course provides a survey of the major political, social, and economic forces that have shaped modern Europe, particularly nationalism and industrialization. Attention will also focus on the rise of Fascism, Nazism, and Communism. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 214 Eastern Europe in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
This course provides a survey of the history of the lands from Poland to Greece during the formative period of their modern existence. Comparative in nature, this course emphasizes similar experiences such as domination by outside powers, the rise of national consciousness, the struggle for independence, and the difficulties in developing a democratic ethos in the region. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 221 The Medieval Balkans
This course examines the history of the peoples living in the Balkan Peninsula, from the emergence of the “barbaric” states in the Balkan provinces of the Byzantine Empire until the advent of the age of nationalism in the eighteenth century. It explores the specific political, social, and cultural features of the Balkan states from their emergence until the Ottoman conquest. It explores the factors that enabled the Ottomans to establish control over the peninsula, the changes in the lives of the Balkan populace resulting from its inclusion in the empire, the way people of different ethnicities and religions shared and cohabited in common spaces, and the emergence of the Eastern Question and its impact on political developments in the region. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every two years.

HTY 222 The Modern Balkans
This course stresses the reforms of the Ottoman Empire, the cultural renaissance, nation-building in Southeast Europe, national liberation struggles, and the emergence of the successor states of the Ottoman Empire in relation to the Eastern Question. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every two years.

HTY 223 History of the Ottoman Empire
This course is a survey of the early Ottoman Empire, from the founding of the Ottoman state through its expansion. This course notes economic, cultural, and religious components of both the empire and the ethnic and religious groups within it and its effect on the variety of ethnic and religious groups inhabiting it through to its demise in the 1920s and the emergence of the Turkish republic. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every two years.

HTY 224 Civilizations at the Crossroads: The Bulgarian Case
This course covers major events in Bulgarian history (e.g., the medieval Bulgarian states, Bulgarian society during the Revival Period, capitalism and nationalism in Bulgaria, socialism). Lesser-known topics such as “Minorities in Bulgaria” also receive specific attention. This course has a chronological framework beginning with 681 and the Medieval Age, modern times (Bulgarian Revival Period and the Third Bulgarian Kingdom) and recent Bulgarian history (from 1944 to 1990). Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 225 Contemporary Balkans, 1918-2000
This course examines the development of the Balkans from the end of WWI until roughly 2000 based on a combination of chronological and thematic approaches to the history of the region. Students will be acquainted with the aftermath and impact of WWI, the Balkans in the interwar period; WWII; the Cold War period – Communism and its various forms; Mustafa Kemal Ataturk; Tsar Boris III; Josip Broz Tito; Enver Hoxha; the fate of Jews in the Balkans during WWII; Muslim communities in the Balkans during the 20th century: Bosnia, Bulgarian policies (the “Revival Process,” Bulgarian Muslims); the Yugoslavian wars in the 1990s; Turkey as a regional economic and political factor. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every two years.

HTY 230 Byzantine History
This course is a systematic introduction to the history of the Eastern Roman Empire. From the early fourth century to well beyond 1453 CE, the Empire was an active and often challenging factor in all developing European processes. Through lectures, discussions, multimedia presentations, and student presentations, participants will study the prehistory of Byzantium, the epochs of Late Antiquity and the mature Empire (including a detailed explanation of the imperial state ideology), the Crusades, and the decline and fall of the Empire. This course will also cover noteworthy events and issues in the “Byzantine Commonwealth,” including the formation of the world of the “Orthodox Slavs,” the “Moscow Third Rome” doctrine, and others. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 241 United States History to the Civil War
This course is a survey of American history from the period of exploration of the New World through to post–Civil War Reconstruction. Topics include the development of the American colonies and their institutions, the Revolution, the creation of a federal union, the people of America, and the Civil War and Reconstruction. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 242 United States History from 1865 to Present
This course provides a survey of American history from Reconstruction to the present. Topics include the economic expansion of the United States, the political evolution of the American government, the rise of an American role in world affairs, the Cold War, and globalization. Gen. Ed.: Historical Sources. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 291 Historical Methods
This course analyzes the basic techniques used in researching and writing about history, particularly the use of sources and the philosophical approaches to the study of history. Seminar topics taught under this course include European historiography, themes in interwar European history, and bad decision making in history. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. WIC. Prerequisite: ENG 102. Cr. 4 (8 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 301 Falsifications in History
This course is a basic survey of falsifications of history from antiquity to the present, with attention to the abiding power of hoaxes and falsehoods in both historiography and politics. This course explores “innovations” in the forging of history, particularly their use by the totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 304 Topics in European History
This course is a focused study of a specific subject or period in the history of European civilization. Topics relate to European political, social, cultural, and intellectual history and include periods (e.g., Classical Antiquity, Renaissance and Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment, German history from 1871 to 1991, and Europe from 1936 to 1949) and topics (e.g., European Jewry, Imperial Russia, Soviet history, totalitarian regimes, and European diplomatic history). Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3-4 (6-8 ECTS Cr.). Offered every semester.

HTY 305 Topics in Southeast European History
This course focuses on specific subjects and key issues in the history of Southeast Europe. Topics include Bulgaria in the twentieth century, Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1999, Communist regimes in the Balkans, Southeast Europe in the twentieth century, and religious and ethnic minorities in the Balkans. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3-4 (6-8 ECTS Cr.). Offered every semester.

HTY 306 Topics in Ottoman History
This course focuses on the study of specific subjects in Ottoman history. Topics include women in Islam; the Islamic city; Ottoman heritage in the Balkans; and Jews, Muslims, and Christians in the Ottoman Empire. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3-4 (6-8 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 307 Topics in American History
This course includes a focused study of specific subjects in the history of the United States. Topics offered have included Colonial America, America in the twentieth century, and American diplomatic history. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3-4 (6-8 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

HTY 308 Topics in Global History
This course addresses the chronological development of a specific theme in global history. This course explores the crucial problems of the topic theme in terms of society, politics, economics, and culture in a global context. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3-4 (6-8 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

HTY 310 History of Christianity
This course examines the history of Christianity as an explanation of the past and the Judeo-Christian pattern of civilization. This history has shaped the whole of the political, social, cultural, ideological, and even scientific and juridical development of more nations and states than any other civilization through the whole of human history. This course also covers the most essential (and still influential) events and developments of Christianity. Gen Ed.: Historical Research. WIC. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 4 (8 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

HTY 311 History of Islam and Islamic Civilization
This course examines the emergence and evolution of Islam as a world religion and of Islamic societies from the time of Muhammad and the establishment of the Islamic community as a political entity through the first conquests and the Islamic empires (the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, the Mamelukes, the Ottomans, the Safavids, and the Mughals), to contemporary times. These are approached from several vantage points covering political history; economic and social issues; social control and enforcement of the law; and religious and cultural expressions (e.g., differences between Sunni and Shi’a Muslims and Sufism). This course also covers Islam’s contact and conflict with the Christian world; their first encounters in the seventh century CE, in Andalusia and during the Crusades; Napoleon’s invasion in Egypt; colonialism in the Middle East and the response to Western cultural, economic, and political domination; and twentieth- and twenty-first-century relations between the Middle East and the West. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Credits: Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 313 American History and Film – Part I (1950s and 1960s)
This course examines from the perspective of film some of the key historical events characterizing the American society during a chronological arch of time spanning from the end of WWII and the beginning of the Cold War up to the political and social changes of the 60’s. Beginning with an introduction to the classical Hollywood cinema and its most popular genres, during the course will be analyzed a selection of movies interpreting and/or questioning some of social, political, and cultural themes defining the American society in the Fifties and Sixties. A specific attention will be devoted to the emergence of the New Hollywood, its relation with the European/Asian cinema, and the innovations introduced in terms of film-making, and new filmic narratives. The course will address the issue of film as an alternative historical source and as a fundamental component of Twentieth century North American culture, in other words, film not only records and represents history but also shapes our understanding of history. Accordingly, students will critically analyze how American political and social conflicts are portrayed and worked out on the screen. Through viewing, discussing, and writing about specific films, students will learn how to read film as cultural texts that describe, in a specifically filmic language, North American history and culture. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 314 Economic History
This course uses the interrelationship between history and economics to explore the ever-present role of economics as both cause and effect in history on a regional and global scale. While the course mostly focusses on Europe as a historical region, the materials are presented in such a way as to highlight the general applicability of economic history methods to the world at large. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one HTY course or permission of instructor. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every year.

HTY 315 American History and Film – Part II (1970s and 1980s)
This course examines from the perspective of film some of the key historical events characterizing the American society during a chronological arch of time spanning from the Watergate scandal up to the Reagan presidency and the end of the Cold war. Moving from the novelties the New Hollywood brought about in the film industry by the late 60’s, during the course will be analyzed a selection of movies interpreting and/or questioning some of social, political, and cultural themes defining the American society in the Seventies and Eighties. The course will address the issue of film as an alternative historical source and as a fundamental component of Twentieth century North American culture, in other words, film not only records and represents history but also shapes our understanding of history. Accordingly, students will critically analyze how American political and social conflicts are portrayed and worked out on the screen. Through viewing, discussing, and writing about specific films, students will learn how to read film as cultural texts that describe, in a specifically filmic language, North American history and culture. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. Prerequisite: one Historical Sources course. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every spring.

HTY 401 Critical Issues in History
This course offers advanced study seminars focusing on critical issues in history. Topics include nationalism, war and culture, reforms and modernization, and religion and the state. Gen. Ed.: Historical Research. WIC. Prerequisites: one Historical Sources course and junior standing or permission of the instructor. Cr. 4 (8 ECTS Cr.). Offered irregularly.

HTY 491/492 Senior Thesis I and II
Students with senior standing and majoring in History and Civilizations may arrange a senior thesis with a faculty advisor for ambitious research programs that cover two semesters. Students are encouraged to contact the advisor of their choice during the second semester of their junior year and indicate their intention to pursue a senior thesis project. A completed senior thesis project with at least a grade of C substitutes for the Bulgarian State Exam. A completed senior thesis project with at least a grade of A- on both courses grants the Disciplinary Honors in History and Civilizations. Prerequisites: HTY 491: completion of HTY 101, HTY 102, and HTY 291; HTY 492: completion of HTY 491 with a grade of C or better. HTY 491: WIC. Cr. 4 (8 ECTS Cr.); HTY 492: WIC. Cr. 4 (8 ECTS Cr.). Offered every semester as contracted.

Southeast European Studies 

SES 360 Cross-Cultural Management and Corporate Culture
This course looks at culture at the global, international, corporate, subunit, and family levels. This course examines culture as it relates to international issues, global business, management of organizations, and interpersonal relations, using organizational theory and behavior. Cr. 3 (6 ECTS Cr.). Offered every fall.

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